Low   back   pain   can   affect   the   back   anywhere   below   the   ribs   and   above   the   legs.   The   lower   back   is   the   connection   between   the upper   and   lower   body,   and   it   bears   most   of   the   body’s   weight.   Because   of   these   roles,   it   is   easily   injured   when   you   lift,   reach,   or twist. Almost   everyone   has   low   back   pain   at   one   time   or   another.   The   good   news   is   that   most   low   back   pain   will   go   away   in   a   few weeks with some basic self-care. But if your pain is severe or lasts more than a couple of weeks, see your doctor. Low   back   pain   is   often   caused   by   overuse,   strain,   or   injury.   For   instance,   people   often   hurt   their   backs   playing   sports   or   working   in the garden, or lifting something too heavy. Aging   plays   a   part   too.   Your   bones   and   muscles   tend   to   lose   strength   as   you   age,   which   increases   your   risk   of   injury.   The   spongy discs   between   the   bones   of   the   spine   (vertebrae)   may   suffer   from   wear   and   tear   and   no   longer   provide   enough   cushion   between the bones. A disc that bulges or breaks open (herniated disc) can press on nerves, causing back pain. In    some    people,    low    back    pain    is    the    result    of    arthritis,    broken    vertebrae    (compression    fractures)    caused    by    bone    loss (osteoporosis), illness, or a spine problem you were born with. Often   doctors   don't   really   know   what   causes   low   back   pain.   But   it   is   more   likely   to   become   long-lasting   (chronic)   if   you   are   under stress or depressed. To help keep your back healthy and avoid further pain: Be dull, burning, or sharp. Be felt at a single point or over a broad area. Come on gradually or suddenly. Occur with muscle spasms or stiffness. Cause   leg   symptoms,   such   as   pain,   numbness,   or   tingling,   often   extending   below   the   knee.   These   symptoms   can   occur   on their   own   or   along   with   low   back   pain.   Leg   symptoms   are   often   caused   by   lower   spine   problems   that   place   pressure   on   a nerve that leads to the leg. Having   ongoing   back   pain   can   make   you   depressed.   In   turn,   depression   can   have   an   effect   on   your   level   of   pain   and   whether your back gets better. Only   a   few   people   with   low   back   pain   need   surgery.   Surgery   may   help   if   you   have   a   herniated   disc   or   back   pain   along   with symptoms   of   nerve   damage,   such   as   numbness   in   your   legs.   Even   in   these   cases,   most   people   will   improve   without   surgery.   Having surgery does not guarantee that all your pain will go away. Before you have surgery, it is a good idea to get a second opinion. After   the   first   time   you   have   had   low   back   pain,   you   are   likely   to   have   it   again.   To   help   keep   your   back   healthy   and   avoid   further pain: Practice good posture when you sit, stand, and walk. Get regular, low-impact exercise. Walk, swim, or ride a stationary bike. Stretch before you exercise. Wear low-heeled shoes with good support. Sleep on your side. A medium-firm mattress may put the least stress on your back. Watch your weight. Being too heavy, especially around your waist, puts extra stress on your back. Don't   try   to   lift   things   that   are   too   heavy   for   you.   When   you   must   lift,   bend   your   knees   and   keep   your   back   straight,   keep   the object you are lifting close to your belly button, and avoid lifting and twisting at the same time. If you sit or stand for long periods at work: Pay attention to your posture. Sit or stand up straight, with your shoulders back. Make sure your chair has good back support. Take regular breaks to walk around. If your work involves a lot of bending, reaching, or lifting: Talk to your human resources department to see if there are other ways you can do your work. Don't   depend   on   a   "back   belt"   to   protect   your   back.   Studies   have   not   shown   these   belts   to   be   effective   in   reducing   back injuries. The most they can do is to help remind you to use good techniques for lifting.
Tel 01332 556 293 Email info@osteopathyderby.co.uk
Osteopathy Derby Ltd Enjoy Sport Ltd
Osteopathy Derby Ltd - Osteopathic Practice Enjoy Sport Ltd - Sports Injury Clinic Unit 1, Park Farm Surgeries Park Farm Drive Allestree Derby DE22 2RP
Tel: 01332 556 293 Email: info@osteopathyderby.co.uk Web: www.osteopathyderby.co.uk
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