Work-related   musculoskeletal   disorders   (WMSDs)   are   a   group   of   painful   disorders   of   muscles,   tendons,   and   nerves.   Carpal   tunnel syndrome,   tendonitis,   thoracic   outlet   syndrome,   and   tension   neck   syndrome   are   examples.   Work   activities   which   are   frequent   and repetitive, or activities with awkward postures cause these disorders which may be painful during work or at rest. Almost   all   work   requires   the   use   of   the   arms   and   hands.   Therefore,   most   WMSD   affect   the   hands,   wrists,   elbows,   neck,   and shoulders.   Work   using   the   legs   can   lead   to   WMSD   of   the   legs,   hips,   ankles,   and   feet.   Some   back   problems   also   result   from repetitive activities. WMSDs are very difficult to define within traditional disease classifications. These disorders have received many names, such as: Repetitive motion injuries. Repetitive strain injuries. Cumulative trauma disorders. Occupational cervicobrachial disorders. Overuse syndrome. Regional musculoskeletal disorders. Soft tissue disorders. Most   of   the   names   do   not   accurately   describe   the   disorders.   For   example,   the   term   "repetitive   strain   injuries"   suggests   that repetition   causes   these   disorders,   but   awkward   postures   also   contribute.   These   terms   are   used   synonymously,   and   in   the   absence of agreement, WMSD is used in this document. WMSDs   are   recognized   as   leading   causes   of   significant   human   suffering,   loss   of   productivity,   and   economic   burdens   on   society. The   data   available   are   limited   and   does   not   represent   the   magnitude   of   the   problem   because   there   is   a   great   deal   of   under- reporting of these types of injuries. WMSDs   arise   from   ordinary   arm   and   hand   movements   such   as   bending,   straightening,   gripping,   holding,   twisting,   clenching   and reaching.   These   common   movements   are   not   particularly   harmful   in   the   ordinary   activities   of   daily   life.   What   makes   them hazardous   in   work   situations   is   the   continual   repetition,   often   in   a   forceful   manner,   and   most   of   all,   the   speed   of   the   movements and the lack of time for recovery between them. WMSDs are associated with work patterns that include: Fixed or constrained body positions. Continual repetition of movements. Force concentrated on small parts of the body, such as the hand or wrist. A pace of work that does not allow sufficient recovery between movements. Generally,   none   of   these   factors   acts   separately   to   cause   WMSD.   WMSDs   commonly   occur   as   a   result   of   a   combination   and interaction among them. Heat, cold and vibration also contribute to the development of WMSD. Pain   is   the   most   common   symptom   associated   with   WMSDs.   In   some   cases   there   may   be   joint   stiffness,   muscle   tightness,   redness and   swelling   of   the   affected   area.   Some   workers   may   also   experience   sensations   of   "pins   and   needles,"   numbness,   skin   colour changes, and decreased sweating of the hands. WMSDs may progress in stages from mild to severe: Early   stage:   Aching   and   tiredness   of   the   affected   limb   occur   during   the   work   shift   but   disappear   at   night   and   during   days   off work. No reduction of work performance. Intermediate   stage:   Aching   and   tiredness   occur   early   in   the   work   shift   and   persist   at   night.   Reduced   capacity   for   repetitive work. Late stage: Aching, fatigue, and weakness persist at rest. Inability to sleep and to perform light duties.
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Osteopathy Derby Ltd Enjoy Sport Ltd
Osteopathy Derby Ltd - Osteopathic Practice Enjoy Sport Ltd - Sports Injury Clinic Unit 1, Park Farm Surgeries Park Farm Drive Allestree Derby DE22 2RP
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